(founded and formerly known as Children Requiring a Caring Kommunity
] or C.R.A.C.K.
) is an American non-profit organization
which also has a presence in the United Kingdom
, which pays drug addicts
cash for volunteering for long-term birth control
, including sterilization
. Since January 2006 Project Prevention has offered US$300 (£200 in the UK) to each participant. As of 26 April 2010 Project Prevention said it had paid 3,388 "clients" including 1,260 women sterilized by tubal ligation, 4,428 abortions and 47 men having vasectomies.
These and other statistics, including ethnic background
, are cited on the PP website, with the description "The following numbers were obtained through our Client Survey Form which all participants fill out. These numbers are prior to obtaining long-term birth control through our program".
Barbara Harris founded the organization in 1997 after she and her husband adopted four children from a drug-addicted mother. After the experience of helping the children through withdrawal
and other health problems, she attempted to get legislation passed in California
which would have mandated sterilization for mothers who gave birth to drug-addicted babies
. After this failed, she opted instead to start what is now called Project Prevention.
The organization has provoked controversy, partly from the way in which it promotes its activities, including allegedly targeting poor and minority neighborhoods for the placement of billboard advertising,
and distributing flyers with slogans such as "DON'T Let a Pregnancy get in the way of your crack habit". In interviews Barbara Harris compared pregnant women to dogs that need to be neutered. This stance has invoked comparisons to the eugenics
movement of the early 20th century.