SourceThe status of selected Muslim sacred sites. András Riedlmayer and Andrew Herscher, also of Harvard University, carried out a post-war field survey of damage to cultural and religious heritage in Kosovo in October 1999. They found no sign that NATO airstrikes had caused damage to Muslim or Orthodox sacred sites. However, more than 200 mosques had been destroyed or damaged in "ethnic cleansing" operations by Serbian forces in 1998-99. Among the worst hit was the northwestern Kosovo municipality of Pec, where all 36 mosques had been burned out, blown up, or vandalized, including the 14th-century Mosque of Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror (Bajrakli Xhamia) and the 18th-century Red Mosque (Xhamia e Kuqe).
SourceOf the more than 600 mosques in Kosovo, greater than 200 were damaged or destroyed during the war. Andras Riedlmayer, from the Cambridge-based Kosovo Cultural Heritage Project, documented how Serb paramilitaries burnt, bombed, and vandalized mosques—sometimes tearing leaves from ancient Koran manuscripts and writing crude anti-Albanian graffiti on the walls.
SourceKullas are unique Albanian-style stone mansions built between the 18th and early 20th centuries. Of the 500 Kullas existing prior to the war, 450 suffered damage by Serb forces intent on eradicating all traces of Albanian culture in Kosovo. Fortunately they were not as successful as they were in parts of Bosnia where, not only did they destroy mosques in Banja Luka and Foca, they carted away the stones and made a parking lot.
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