This tiny republic in the very mountainous region of South Caucasus, declared its independence at the break up of the Soviet Union as it did not wish anymore to live under an oppressive Azeri government. A long bitter war was fought, but in the end the Karabakh Armenians, outnumbered, out-gunned, were able to decimate the bigger Azeri army which had support from various groups such as Islamic Mujahdeen from Afghanistan and Chechen Islamic groups.
STEPANAKERT. – The Nagorno-Karabakh Republic’s (NKR) Declaration of Independence is not contrary to the provisions of International Law, stated University of Hamburg Professor, Doctor of Law Otto Luchterhand, during the international symposium, entitled “20th Anniversary of NKR Independence: Realities and Prospects,” which is underway in NKR capital Stepanakert.
Presenting a comparative and legal analysis of NKR’s independence, the Professor noted that the situation of Karabakh is more similar to that of Kosovo, as Karabakh, just like Kosovo, is in Europe. Otto Luchterhand also compared the two cases.
As per the German professor, the UN Court had decided that Kosovo was not breaching International Law by adopting its declaration of independence, and based on this, Otto Luchterhand pointed to the similarities and he also gave precedents whereby in Karabakh’s case the right for the self-determination of nations does not conflict with, and is sometimes preeminent to, the principle of territorial integrity.
“NKR’s Declaration of Independence is not contrary to the provisions of International Law. If UN Security Council recognizes Kosovo, it is obligated to also recognize Nagorno Karabakh,” Otto Luchterhand stated, and he called upon NKR’s officials to propagate this fact more actively.