For example, Alex Salmond
has suggested that, whilst ‘Britishness is narrow, bland and boring’,
post-colonial Scottish nationalism is wholly civic, being ‘inclusive, diverse and even exciting’
, noting that Scots Asians are more likely to describe themselves as Scottish than British.
Research data suggests, however, that many Scots display similar patterns of xenophobia and racism as their counterparts in England or elsewhere. Though the leadership of the SNP has moved from ethnicised view of Scottish identity to one founded on more inclusive dynamics, it is not at all clear whether all Scots have followed this shift.
The lack of comparative success of far-right parties such as the BNP in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland is seen by separatist nationalists as further evidence of a progressive shift in politics outside of the England.
This is questionable. The BNP’s support grew in Wales and Scotland in the recent European elections, with UKIP also taking 13% and 5% respectively.
There is an appetite for exclusory nationalism which also reflects divisions within Plaid Cymru and the SNP over the issue of national sovereignty and European Union membership.