(Photographic Supplement, Plate 34)

Nordics altered by Mixture with Southwestern Borreby and Alpine Elements

In southern Netherlands and in Belgium, as well as in northern France, there is a large-headed brachycephalic element transitional between the Borreby and Alpine forms. (See Plate 13, Fig. 4.) In mixture with Nordics this produces a large-headed brachycephalic or sub-brachycephalic type of only moderate blondism and medium stature.

Fig. 1 (3 views).
Southern Netherlander from North Brabant. An excellent example of this altered Nordic type.

Fig. 2 (3 views). A Fleming from West Flanders, Belgium; a light haired and equally representative example. The Flemish people incline more to the Nordic type in eastern Flanders, more to the brachycephalized variety in the west.

Fig. 3 (3 views). A German Swiss from Bern; like many of the Swiss of the Rhine drainage, he is largely Nordic slightly brachycephalized by Borreby or Alpine admixture, or both. These Swiss are more Nordic, as a whole, than the South Germans.

Fig. 4 (3 views). A northern Frenchman, whose father came from the Vosges mountains, and mother from the Department of Indre. Blond, highly brachycephalic, and Nordic in most facial features, this man represents a major element in the population of northern France. This is the type which some French authors call "Galatian." Historically the Nordic element is mainly of Keltic introduction.