(Photographic Supplement, Plate 45)

The Jews: II

FIG. 1 (3 views). A Sephardic Jew from Alexandretta, Asia Minor. Facially this Spanish-speaking Jew is a good example of the Sephardic Mediterranean type; his cephalic index, however, is extremely high, owing to an absolute shortness of the cranial vault. The interorbital distance is very narrow, as are all facial widths.

FIG. 2 (3 views). An American Ashkenazic Jew (Massachusetts) whose parents were born in the Ukraine. Brown-haired and blue-eyed, and slightly brachycephalic, he still preserves the facial features of a Palestinian Mediterranean racial element dating back at least to the time of the Amorites.

FIG. 3 (3 views). The American-born (Massachusetts) son of a rabbi from Memel, and a mother born in Riga. This individual, despite his cephalic index of 81, is otherwise a good example of the straight-nosed Mediterranean type which is as numerous among the unmixed Jews as the convex-nosed variety.

FIG. 4 (3 views). An American Jew (New York) whose ancestors without exception have lived in the Rhinelands for several centuries and who probably first settled there in Roman times. Racially this individual is Nordic; he shows little or no physical evidence of Jewish ancestry.