Results 1 to 2 of 2

Thread: People of European and African descent have DIFFERENT immune systems - and Neanderthals could...

  1. #1
    Veteran Member Tschaikisten's Avatar
    Join Date
    Aug 2016
    Last Online
    10-08-2019 @ 05:53 PM
    Ethnicity
    Србин
    Ancestry
    Dinarische Alpen, Pannonien
    Country
    Serbia
    Region
    Herzegovina
    Y-DNA
    G-L497
    Gender
    Posts
    1,230
    Thumbs Up/Down
    Received: 2,477/36
    Given: 947/0

    2 Not allowed! Not allowed!

    Default People of European and African descent have DIFFERENT immune systems - and Neanderthals could...

    People of European and African descent have DIFFERENT immune systems - and Neanderthals could be the reason
    Source: People of European and African descent have DIFFERENT immune systems - and Neanderthals could be the reason

    Study claims African Americans have a stronger immune response
    Changes in a single gene led to decreased inflammation in Europeans
    Immune systems of Europeans were shaped by genes introduced through interbreeding between early European ancestors and Neanderthals
    It's well known that people from different parts of the world vary in their susceptibility to developing infections and diseases.
    But two new studies show these differences are genetic and can be traced back all the way to the Neanderthals, who died out some 40,000 years ago.
    One study suggests Americans of African descent have a stronger immune response to infection compared to Americans of European descent.

    Neanderthals played a role in the immune response to infection, according to one of the new study. Neanderthals, before disappearing, colonised Europe, but not Africa. In the process, they mixed their genes with African Cro-Magnons, who were spread throughout Europe

    Researchers from the Institut Pasteur and CNRS in Paris, France found that genetic differences between populations confer advantages, depending on the environment where those people are living.
    As a result, according to the new evidence in another study, people of African ancestry generally show stronger immune responses than Europeans do.
    The French study suggests that European populations have displayed reduced immune responses since our ancestors first made their way out of Africa.
    And intriguingly, the immune systems of Europeans were partly shaped by the introduction of new genetic variants through interbreeding between early European ancestors and Neanderthals.
    'Our findings show that population differences in transcriptional responses to immune activation are widespread, and that they are mainly accounted for by genetic variants that differ in their frequencies between human populations,' said Lluis Quintana-Murci of Institut Pasteur and CNRS in Paris.
    He and his colleagues used RNA-sequencing to describe the way that immune cells, called monocytes, derived from 200 people of self-reported African or European ancestry would respond to attack by a bacteria or a virus.

    THE ROLE OF THE NEANDERTHALS
    Neanderthals played a role in the immune response to infection, according to the Canadian study.
    Neanderthals, before disappearing, colonised Europe, but not Africa.
    In the process, they mixed their genes with African Cro-Magnons, who were spread throughout Europe.
    The analysis of Dr Barreiro's team shows that about 3 per cent of the genes involved in the differences in immune responses between African and European Americans come from Neanderthals.


    They detected many differences in the activity of particular genes in those immune cells both within and between populations.
    They discovered that changes in a single gene encoding an important immune receptor lead to decreased inflammation only in Europeans.
    The team found strong evidence of selection on genes that control the immune response and that Europeans 'borrowed' some key regulatory variants from Neanderthals.
    These variants affect the way their immune systems respond to viral challenges, giving them a lower response to infection than those of African descent.
    Luis Barreiro of the University of Montreal and the CHU Sainte-Justine in Canada, commented: 'I was expecting to see ancestry-associated differences in immune response but not such a clear trend towards an overall stronger response to infection among individuals of African descent.'
    He and his colleagues took a similar approach to test for the effects of African versus European ancestry on changes in the activity of immune cells in the other study.
    His group focused on another type of immune cell known as primary macrophages and their response to live bacterial pathogens.

    This shows how genetic variants enriched in population specific signals of natural selection and, among Europeans, of Neanderthal ancestry play a major role in the differences in responses to diseases



    In their experiment, the experts infected macrophages derived from 80 African and 95 European individuals with either Listeria or Salmonella to look for differences in response and work out how whether there was a link with their ancestry.
    They identified thousands of genes showing population differences in how information in a strand of DNA is copied into a new molecule of messenger RNA, in response to infection.
    They also found that African ancestry is associated with a stronger inflammatory response, which limited the growth of bacteria.
    But Professor Barreiro was careful not to qualify it as better: 'The immune system of African Americans responds differently, but we cannot conclude that it is better, since a stronger immune response also has negative effects, including greater susceptibility to autoimmune inflammatory diseases such as Crohn's disease.
    'Too much inflammation can damage organs and leave sequelae [the after effects of a disease].
    'In short, a strong immune response can be beneficial in some areas but a disadvantage in others.'
    The researchers also observed the signature of past selection on certain genes, adding weight to the idea that genetic variants were passed on to modern humans from Neanderthals.
    Dr Barreiro added: 'The genetic and molecular basis of ancestry-related differences in disease susceptibility has been a mystery.
    'These results provide a first description of differences in immune response and associated genetic basis that might explain differences in susceptibility to disease between people of African and European ancestry.
    'More generally, our results demonstrate how historical selective events continue to shape human phenotypic diversity today, including for traits that are key to controlling infection.'
    The researchers noted that the two studies made strikingly similar findings despite focusing on different types of immune cells.
    However, they believe more work is needed to better understand the role of environmental factors.

  2. #2
    An imam of wealth and taste Poise n Pen's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2016
    Last Online
    12-07-2016 @ 06:43 AM
    Location
    Supercognition Dome
    Ethnicity
    America
    Ancestry
    Various barbarians
    Country
    United States
    Taxonomy
    American
    Politics
    Apocalypse
    Religion
    The Bomb
    Gender
    Posts
    2,257
    Thumbs Up/Down
    Received: 2,395/449
    Given: 3,273/368

    0 Not allowed! Not allowed!

    Default

    African immunse systems are awful compared to white immune system. They can die of a fucking sniffle if they an infected nose.

    They have 20% fewer white blood cells. Their skin is highly susceptible to scarring. And in fact inflammation response is mainly a bad thing in infections and for wound healing, and doesn't really say anything about how good you are at resisting diseases.
    If it weren't for us you'd be speaking German. Instead, you'll be speaking Arabic.
    http://simplicitymultiplied.blogspot.com/


Thread Information

Users Browsing this Thread

There are currently 1 users browsing this thread. (0 members and 1 guests)

Similar Threads

  1. Which nations have the strongest higher education systems?
    By Tyrone Jackson in forum Race and Society
    Replies: 4
    Last Post: 10-22-2016, 02:51 PM
  2. Replies: 21
    Last Post: 10-21-2016, 03:50 PM
  3. Replies: 116
    Last Post: 10-05-2016, 01:26 AM
  4. MENAs, if you ever had a kid with someone of European descent
    By Myanthropologies in forum Off-topic
    Replies: 51
    Last Post: 09-28-2016, 07:51 PM
  5. Study: Jews immune to infectious form of obesity
    By jackmann in forum Health and Lifestyle
    Replies: 10
    Last Post: 07-24-2015, 10:28 AM

Bookmarks

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •