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Thread: Atatürk's Reforms in Chronological order

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    凸( ͡° ͜ʖ ͡°)凸 Ryujin's Avatar
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    Default Atatürk's Reforms in Chronological order

    Read with this playing on the background:



    Abolishment of the Ottoman sultanate - 1 Nov, 1922


    Ottoman sultan departs from the country

    Adoption of Mixed Economy system at Izmir Economy Congress - 17 Feb, 1923



    Treaty of Lausanne determining the current Turkish political borders (with the issues of Straits and the city of Hatay still unresolved) - 24 Jul, 1923



    Ankara is declared the Capital - 13 Oct, 1923



    The new Turkish state is declared a 'Republic' - 29 Oct, 1923



    Abolishment of the Caliphate, Traditional religious schools and Islamic law system - 3 March, 1924

    Abolishment of Islamic courts - 8 Apr, 1924

    Adoption of a new constitution - 20 Apr, 1924

    Abolishment of Ashar (Ottoman tax system) - 17 Feb, 1925

    Establishment of Ankara Forest Farm, encouraging the concept of public gardens - 5 May, 1925



    Adoption of Hat and Clothing Law, banning Ottoman Fez and Islamic veil, introducing hats and Western dress - 25 Nov, 1925



    Abolishment of religious associations - 30 Nov, 1925

    Gregorian calendar replaces Islamic calendar, Ottoman units of measurement replaced with international ones, New Year's Day holiday adopted - 26 Dec, 1925



    Adoption of Cabotage Act, ensuring Turkish privilege over Turkish trade ports, which had been operated by foreigners - 1 Jul, 1926



    Adoption of Turkish Civil Law based on Swiss Civil Code - 4 Oct, 1926



    Adoption of the Act of Encouragement of Industry - 28 May, 1927



    Encouragement of Fine Arts - 1928



    Abolishment of 'Islam' as the official religion of the state - 10 Apr, 1928

    Adoption of the new Turkish Alphabet based on Latin alphabet - 1 Nov, 1928



    Agrarian Reform, which sought to save farmers from the chains of land owners, but failed due to global economic crisis - 1929

    Establishment of Nation's schools for adults to learn the new alphabet - 1 Jan, 1929



    Women's suffrage for local elections - 3 Apr, 1930





    Establishment of Turkish Historical and Turkish Language associations to make researches on early Turkic history and regulate the language - 12 Apr,
    1931




    The Language Reform is launched to throw away Arabic and Persian words - 12 Jul, 1932

    The University Reform, establishing new modern universities - 31 May, 1933



    Adoption of the The Surname Law; requiring every Turkish citizen to pick a surname, Mustafa Kemal is granted by the parliament the surname 'Ataturk' meaning 'Father of the Turks' - 21 Jun, 1934

    Abolishment of privileged titles as an example of egalitarianism - 26 Nov, 1934

    National women's suffrage - 5 Dec, 1934



    Adoption of Sunday as a day of rest, replacing Friday - 1 Jun, 1935

    Montreux Convention, granting Turkey full control over the corresponding Straits - 20 Jul, 1936

    Laïcité (Secularism) enters the constitution - 5 Feb, 1937




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    Lucifer The Morning Star DarkSecret's Avatar
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    No but Turkey has no difference from "other" ME countries... :/

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    Biji Biji
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    A westernized wolf perhaps.

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    orospu çocuğu raine o thumb down'u senin amına sokayım

    siktiğimin zenci sesli karısı

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    Great Man.

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    Quote Originally Posted by The Ghostface View Post
    orospu çocuğu raine o thumb down'u senin amına sokayım

    siktiğimin zenci sesli karısı
    Bana verdiğini mi

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    凸( ͡° ͜ʖ ͡°)凸 Ryujin's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by DarkSecret View Post
    Bana verdiğini mi
    aynen

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    Atheism and Secularism came to Balkans with Turks.

    We have NEVER - EVER been secular, atheist state like Turkey today.

    Religion is the core component of balkanic mentality and structure.

    For example: Constantine XI would never defend Constantinople (as he did) if he wasn't religious person. I have utmost respect for him even
    if he was Orthodox Christian but he believed that his faith is the right path to salvation.

    Many Turks, Albanians, Greeks today believe that religion is a relic of the past.

    Well those who believe so are certainly not Balkanic people, neither in mentality or anything else.

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    凸( ͡° ͜ʖ ͡°)凸 Ryujin's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by Bosniensis View Post
    Atheism and Secularism came to Balkans with Turks.

    We have NEVER - EVER been secular, atheist state like Turkey today.

    Religion is the core component of balkanic mentality and structure.

    For example: Constantine XI would never defend Constantinople (as he did) if he wasn't religious person. I have utmost respect for him even
    if he was Orthodox Christian but he believed that his faith is the right path to salvation.

    Many Turks, Albanians, Greeks today believe that religion is a relic of the past.

    Well those who believe so are certainly not Balkanic people, neither in mentality or anything else.
    Well that's good because Atatürk more looked up to France, Switzerland and Britain while making those reforms rather than any Balkan nation.

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