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Thread: Castele din Romānia (Castles of Romania)

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    Default Castele din Romānia (Castles of Romania)

    Romānă:
    Castelul este la origine o construcție medievală cu rol de locuință, destinată totodată să protejeze o familie nobiliară și să simbolizeze autoritatea īntr-un domeniu feudal. Primele castele au fost construite din lemn, adesea pe o colină naturală sau artificială (īn franceză, motte castrale sau motă feudală), apoi au fost construite din piatră pentru a rezista mai bine noilor arme și tehnici de război. Aceste construcții au fost numite castele īntărite sau cetăți.

    Īn epoca Renașterii, o data cu avansurile tehnologice cunoscute de artilerie, regii Franței au decis să nu mai edifice castele de apărare, ci să pună accentul pe confort și pe plăcere. Īn același timp, castelele īntărite au fost modificate și reamenajate astfel īncāt să ofere un confort sporit. Exemplul monarhilor francezi a fost urmat foarte curānd de către toată nobilimea europeană.
    English:
    The castle was originally a medieval construction used to house, but also to protect a noble family and to symbolise their authority in their feudal domain. The first castles were made of wood, often times on a natural or artificial peak, then they were made of stone in order to be more resilient to the new weapons and war tactics. These constructions were called fortified castles or citadels.

    In the Renaissance, with the technological advancement of artillery, the kings of France have decided not to build castles for defence, but to focus on comfort and pleasure. At the same time, the fortified castles were modified and redesigned to offer an increased comfort. The example of the French monarchs was quickly followed by the entire European nobility.
    Last edited by Daos; 02-14-2012 at 01:17 PM.
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    Default Castelul Banloc, Banloc, Timiș

    Castelul Banloc (īn trecut Castelul familiei Karįtsonyi) este un monument istoric din localitatea Banloc, județul Timiș.
    The Banloc castle (in the past the Karįtsonyi family castle) is a historical monument from Banloc, Timiș County.
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    Last edited by Daos; 02-14-2012 at 01:17 PM.
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    Default Castelul Mercy, Carani, Timiș

    Fosta reședință a Contelui Mercy este construită īntre anii 1733-1734, ceea ce īnseamnă că este una din cele mai vechi construcții din Banat. Meșterii au fost de origine italiană, și au făcut parte din coloniștii care s-au așezat īn Banat, mai precis īn preajma castelului, īn Carani.
    The former residence of Count Mercy was built between 1733 and 1734, meaning it’s one of the oldest buildings in Banat. The craftsmen were of Italian origin and were part of the colonists that have settled in Banat, more exactly around the castle, in Carani.
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    Last edited by Daos; 02-14-2012 at 01:17 PM.
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    Default Castelul Mocioni, Foeni, Timiș

    Castelul familiei Mocioni din Foeni a fost construit in 1812, fiind o resedinta impresionanta. In timpul Revolutiei din 1848, maghiarii au devastat domeniul din Foeni, provocand imense pagube. Domeniul a reintrat in proprietatea familiei, fiind rascumparat de Andrei Mocioni. In 1869, acesta s-a retras din viata politica, petrecandu-si ultimii ani de viata aici, alturi de sotia sa, Laura Cernovici, si de socrul sau, baronul Petru Cernovici. In 1880, domeniul Foeni a fost lasat sotiei si altor urmasi. Dupa anii '90, un nepot al lui Mocioni, Antoniu, a rascumparat castelul si a amenajat aici Casa de Cultura.
    The Mocioni family castle in Foeni was built in 1812, being an impressive residence. During the Revolution of 1848, Hungarians have devastated the Foeni domain, causing immense damage. The estate became the property of the family again, being bought by Andrei Mocioni. In 1869, he withdrew from the political life, spending his last years here with his wife, Laura Cernovici, and father-in-law, Baron Petru Cernovici. In 1880, the Foeni domain was left to his wife and other successors. After the 90s, a grandson of Mocioni, Antoniu, rebought the castle and arranged the House of Culture here.
    Last edited by Daos; 02-14-2012 at 01:18 PM.
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    Default Castelul Nicolici, Rudna, Timiș

    Satul Rudna era, odinioara, "imparatia" baronului Nicolici. Conacul (construit in secolul al XIX-lea) a devenit, pe la inceputul anului 1946, casa de promenada, apoi subunitate de graniceri, iar prin anii ‘60, dupa nationalizare, a ajuns sediu al CAP-ului. Dupa 1989, conacul a fost furat pe bucati: usi, geamuri, parchet, mobile. Urmasii ultimului proprietar au revendicat conacul. L-au si primit, insa nu au mai fost interesati de soarta lui, asa ca, in urma cu aproape sase ani, l-au vandut unei femei care locuieste in Germania.
    Rudna village was once Baron Nicolici’s “kingdom”. The castle, built in the 19th century, became, around 1946, a promenade house, then a subunit of the Frontier, and in the 60s, after the nationalisation, CAP headquarters. After 1989, the castle was looted: doors, windows, flooring, furniture – all gone. The heirs of the last owner reclaimed the castle. They received it, but they weren’t interested by its fate, so a few years ago they sold it to a woman from Germany.
    Last edited by Daos; 02-14-2012 at 01:18 PM.
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    Default Castelul Wekerle-Petala, Clopodia, Timiș

    In anul 1840, familia Wekerle construieste castelul numit in prezent Petala, dupa numele generalului cu acelasi nume, fost ministru de razboi la Bucuresti, care l-a cumparat de la ultimul proprietar, Wekerle Geza, dupa primul razboi mondial. Astazi acest castel este declarat monument istoric, iar parcul apartinator, parc dendrologic, avind specii de arbori ocrotite (nuc american, platan argintiu, etc).
    In 1840, the Werkele family built the castle today called Petala, after the name of a general, former warfare minister in Bucharest, who bought it from its former owner, Werkele Geza, after the First World War. Today the castle is considered a historical monument, and its park, an arboretum, having protected species of trees.
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    Last edited by Daos; 02-14-2012 at 01:19 PM.
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    Default Castelul Huniade, Timișoara, Timiș

    Castelul Huniade este un monument istoric și cea mai veche clădire din Timișoara, construit īntre anii 1443 - 1447 de către Ioan de Hunedoara, pe ruinele unui vechi castel din secolul al XIV-lea (construit īn timpul domniei regelui Carol Robert de Anjou). Astăzi adăpostește Muzeul Banatului.
    The Huniade castle is a historical monument and the oldest building in Timișoara, it was built between 1443 and 1447 by Ioan de Hunedoara on the ruins of an old 14th century castle (built during the reign of Carol Robert de Anjou). Today it houses the Banat Museum.
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    Last edited by Daos; 02-14-2012 at 01:19 PM.
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    Default Castelul Nakó, Sānnicolau Mare, Timiș

    La sfarsitul secolului al XVIII-lea, in Banat s-au stabilit mai multe familii de macedo-romani si greci, printre care si fratii Nacu, deveniti Nakó dupa ce au trecut la catolicism si s-au maghiarizat. Acestia au cumparat castelul de la Sannicolau Mare la o licitatie in 1781. Urmasul lor, Nako Kalman, a inceput constructia castelului in 1864, care a devenit, in scurt timp, centrul activitatilor culturale si politice din oras.
    At the end of the 18th century, many Macedo-Romanian and Greek families settled in Banat, among which were the Nacu brothers, renamed Nakó after they converted to Catholicism and got magyarised. They bought the castle from Sānnicolau Mare at an auction in 1781. Their heir, Nakó Kįlmįn, began the construction of the castle in 1864, which quickly became the centre of the town’s cultural and political activities.
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    Last edited by Daos; 02-14-2012 at 01:20 PM.
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    Default Castelul Misici, Lipova, Arad

    Castelul Misici, azi Muzeul Orasului Lipova, a fost construit in secolul al XVIII-lea. Edificiul este numit si Casa Bocu deoarece Sever Bocu – ziarist si om politic, a fost proprietarul castelului intre anii 1922–1953. Sever Bocu a fost o personalitate importanta deoarece de numele lui se leaga intemeierea Universitatii de Vest, a Teatrului de Vest etc.
    The Misici castle, now the Town Museum of Lipova, was built in the 18th century. The edifice is also known as Bocu house because Sever Bocu – journalist and politician – was the owner of the castle between 1922 and 1953. Sever Bocu was an important personality because he is connected to the founding of the West University, West Theatre and others.
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    Last edited by Daos; 02-14-2012 at 01:20 PM.
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    Default Castelul Bohuș, Șiria, Arad

    Castelul Bohuș a fost construit īn prima jumătate a secolului al XIX-lea, īn stil neoclasic. Conac de cāmpie, este compus dintr-un singur corp cu 30 de camere. Din anul 1960, castelul găzduiește muzeul memorial al lui Ioan Slavici. De asemenea, īn incinta lui funcționează o expoziție permanentă consacrată compozitorului Emil Monția.
    Bohuș castle was built in the first half of the 19th century, in neoclassical style. It is composed of a single body with 30 rooms. Since 1960, the castle houses the memorial museum of Ioan Slavici. There’s also a permanent exhibition dedicated to the composer Emil Monția hosted inside.


    Last edited by Daos; 02-14-2012 at 01:20 PM.
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