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Thread: Autochthonous animal breeds of Spain

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    Default Autochthonous animal breeds of Spain

    GALGO ESPAÑOL
    Spanish sighthound
    lévrier espagnol
    Spanischer Windhund


    The greyhound (from the Latin gallĭcus canis, 'Galia dog'), or Spanish greyhound, is a breed of dog native to Spain belonging to the group of short-haired greyhounds (group X.3 in the FCI classification). Although there is also a variety of hard hair.

    It is a pure breed, that is, its characteristics have been achieved by selection through the centuries and not by crossing other races. Greyhounds are great running dogs that can reach 70km / h.

    https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galgo_espa%C3%B1ol












    Spanish Greyhound National Club
    https://clubgalgoesp.com/
    Last edited by Gallop; 05-24-2020 at 07:36 AM.

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    TORO DE LIDIA
    Spanish Fighting Bull
    taureau de combat
    iberische Rinderrassen





    The fighting bull, also called brave bull, designates the male specimens of a heterogeneous developed, selected bovine population, bred for their use in different bullfighting shows, such as bullfights or running of the bulls. They come from the indigenous breeds of the Iberian peninsula, known as the "Iberian trunk", which from time immemorial fostered the most primitive forms of bullfighting. It is characterized by atavistic defensive and temperamental instincts, which are synthesized in the so-called "bravery", as well as physical attributes such as large forward horns and a powerful locomotive apparatus.

    The bull comes from the uro type, from the subspecies Bos primigenius primigenius, ancestor of the current Bos primigenius taurus, a large cow that in its time was hunted throughout Central and Northern Europe; of which there have been different and numerous plastic testimonies throughout the European continent, including Spain, since the Paleolithic period.Although the bull disappeared from the forests of central Europe in the 17th century, the same did not happen on the peninsula Iberian where the bull remained uninterrupted according to documentary evidence that the bulls continued to exist and that these were used in bullfights during the thirteenth century, as in the bullfights in Cuéllar (Segovia) in 1215 or in the popular festivals of Portugal during the reign of Alfonso III in which festivals and weddings were held with bullfights.

    Caste characteristics

    Monument to the fighting bull specifically to the Toro de la Vega in Tordesillas, Valladolid.
    Main article: Insert

    Navarre caste: The bulls of Navarre, today non-existent as such, were mountain bulls, small in size, with a rough temperament and a marked caste that made up for their lack of trapío with aggressiveness and bravery.

    Casta jijona: Recognizable for its many specimens of red hair. The animals of this coat are still called jijon bulls today.

    Castilian caste or morucha-castellana: Large and hard to fight bulls.

    Andalusian Caste: According to José María de Cossío, it should occupy the first place in consideration for having been the one that has achieved the prototype and epitome of the fighting bull or brave bull.

    Caste Cabrera: Of great height, long and stocky body, with highly developed defenses, from which, among others, the specimens of Miura come.

    Caste vazqueña: Founded around 1780 by Don Gregorio Vázquez gathering the best specimens of Castilian and Andalusian livestock. Acquired by King Fernando VII and, later, by the Duke of Veragua.

    Casta vistahermosa: Founded by the Count of Vistahermosa in 1772, lineage from which most of the cattle that are fought today come from.

    Caste Atanasio-Fernández: Bulls with a large, wide head and with antlers directed upwards, have a broad chest, a long and thick tail. Currently there are very few specimens, it can be considered to be in danger of disappearing.















    The life of the brave bull
    Last edited by Gallop; 05-24-2020 at 09:01 AM.

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    CABALLO ANDALUZ
    PURA RAZA ESPAÑOLA

    Andalusian horse
    Pure race espagnole
    également appelé andalou




    The Andalusian horse is a Spanish horse breed originating from Andalusia. It is a Iberian horse of the Baroque type that is among the oldest equine breeds in the world. In Spain it is also commonly known as "Spanish horse" and it is officially called Pura Raza Española (PRE), because the Andalusian is considered to be the quintessential Spanish horse, despite the fact that there are many other Spanish equine breeds. However, in most countries it is called "Andalusian horse". The Carthusian horse is one of the most important breeding lines of this breed.



    Throughout history, the Andalusian horse has played a fundamental role in the formation of European and American equine breeds, such as the Hispano-Arabian, Hispano-Breton, Friesian, Aztec, Lipizano, Kladruber, Peruvian incidentally, the mustang, the Alter Real and the lusitano.



    Andalusia Horse

    Since Antiquity the horses of the Baetica were highly appreciated in the Roman circus and have had great fame.

    Given the quality of the horses in the south of the Iberian peninsula, from the 13th century to the 19th the kings established the prohibition of crossing mares with donkeys, in Andalusia, Extremadura and Murcia, establishing a "royal line" to the south of which The crossbreeding of equidae was prohibited, to preserve their purity.

    In the 16th century, Felipe II commissioned Diego López de Haro y Guzmán (1531-1598), the creation of the Royal Stables of Córdoba, where he grouped the best stallions and mares of the lands that border the Guadalquivir, this royal stud being the origin of the Andalusian horse breed. In the appointment of the marquis as a stables in 1567, the king says:



    [...] we have agreed to support and breed a good number of belly mares with their foals and calves in the City of Córdoba and other parts and places of Andalusia.

    The stables were made dependent on the Board of Works, Gardens and Forests and for the company economic funds were dedicated, among others, from the exploitation of Andalusian salt works. In 1576 the stables had 50 employees and 110 places and in the 1580s, 600 mares grazed in the pastures of Córdoba, 6,400 in those of Jerez and 200 in those of Jaén. In the words of the Marquis:

    The goodness of the horse race of Córdoba, is a thing of greater greatness than their Majesty has in their Kingdoms.

    [...] and so that the Andalusian horses that have made the Spanish militia superior to that of all nations, do not detract from the excellence in which they are constituted by the nobility of their breeds, and the excellence of their doctrine ... ]



    In recent times, several Andalusian horses have participated in the Olympic Games in dressage, obtaining an Olympic diploma, individual bronze and team silver in Atlanta 1996, Sydney 2000 and Athens 2004. Their presence is also frequent in raids.



    The noblest animal in the world
    Last edited by Gallop; 05-24-2020 at 09:48 AM.

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    Lynx pardinus
    Lince ibérico
    Iberian lynx
    Iberischer Luchs

    The Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) is a species of carnivorous mammal in the Felidae family, endemic to the Iberian peninsula.

    In 2013 it was calculated that there were only two populations in Andalusia isolated from each other with a total of just over three hundred individuals on the rise, plus another in the Montes de Toledo of about fifteen individuals and therefore scarcely viable, making it the species of the world's most threatened cats.

    In most cases, the Iberian lynx lives solitary and nomadic, and is very territorial, showing itself more sociable in the rutting season. He is an agile hunter. He sneaks up on the prey and jumps on it quickly. Less frequently, he waits in hiding for prey to pass.

    When the maximum temperatures increase, the lynxes spend more time resting, unlike when there is rainfall. Juvenile lynxes are basically twilight and daytime, with an increase in nighttime activity after their first year of life. During winter, lynxes can be active 24 hours a day, contrasting with their almost strictly nocturnal habits in summer.

    A radiotelemetry study in the Coto de Doñana National Park showed lynxes mainly at night, with activity concentrated at twilight, and when animals moved from their daytime resting places to those of night hunting. The daily route carried out was an average of seven kilometers, with the males generally traveling farther than the females.

    The Iberian lynx is the only carnivore considered a specialist in rabbit hunting. This species contributes 80 to 90% of its diet. It also consumes ducks, ungulates, partridges, small mammals and other birds. The appearance of these prey in their diet depends on the time of year, the availability of prey and the area.

    The Iberian Peninsula is the only part of the Palearctic region that has a relatively high density of lagomorphs (rabbits), similar to that found in North America, where there is space for two species of lagomorph-hunting lynx: the bobcat or lynx (Lynx rufus ) and the Canadian lynx (Lynx canadensis).

    https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lynx_pardinus


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    Serinus canaria
    https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serinus_canaria



    The wild canary or canary serin (Serinus canaria) is a species of passerine bird in the finch family (Fringillidae). Despite its common and scientific name, it is indigenous to several sub-archipelagos of Macaronesia: the Canary Islands, Azores and Madeira, and not only the former. Its closest relative is European verdigris (S. serinus).

    The canary is considered, according to a law of the Canary Islands Government, the natural symbol of the Canary archipelago, together with the Canarian palm, its natural habitat is located in semi-open areas, such as orchards and groves. It makes the nest in bushes or trees.


    Serinus canaria domestica
    https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serinus_canaria_domestica


    Españolito

    The domestic canary (Serinus canaria domestica) is a subspecies developed during centuries of selection in captivity based on specimens of the wild canary or wild canary (Serinus canaria), a species of bird of the passerine order of the fringílidos family, endemic to the Canary islands, Azores and Madeira.

    It is the most abundant domestic bird raised as a companion animal in the world along with the parakeet. Despite this, feral populations are not known.


    Spanish breed canary

    Spanish Ornithological Federation

    https://www.foe1957.com/es

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    Canis lupus signatus
    Lobo Ibérico
    Iberian Wolf


    The Iberian wolf (Canis lupus signatus) is a subspecies of wolf endemic to the Iberian peninsula. Its phylogenetic proximity to other European wolf populations has led many zoologists outside the Iberian peninsula to include it within the nominal subspecies C. l. lupus. Anatomically it is a medium-sized wolf; males reach up to seventy centimeters in height and fifty kilograms in weight. The coat has dark spots on the tail, front and cross that have given the subspecies its name. Although historically it was abundantly distributed throughout the Iberian peninsula, in 2018 it remains relatively stable in the north of the Douro, while in the south its population is fragile and fragmented.

    Today it is a protected animal and since the 1990s it has been in clear expansion, to which is added the increase in density in traditional areas.

    https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canis_lupus_signatus


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    Aquila heliaca adalberti
    Águila Imperial
    Iberian imperial eagle


    The Iberian imperial eagle (Aquila adalberti) is a species of accipitriform bird in the Accipitridae family. It is one of the endemic birds of the Iberian Peninsula. Until not long ago it was considered a subspecies of the imperial eagle (Aquila heliaca), but DNA studies of both birds by researchers Seibold, Helbig, Meyburg, Negro and Wink in 1996 showed that they were far enough apart to constitute each of them a valid species. The Iberian imperial eagle is a threatened bird; In 2013, four hundred and seven couples were registered in the Iberian Peninsula. 6 1 7 8 Its binomial name commemorates Prince Adalberto of Baviera.



    Unlike the eastern imperial eagle of Eurasia and eastern Africa, the Iberian species does not migrate. Each couple defends their hunting and breeding area (about two thousand hectares) throughout the year.


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    Vaca Cachena - These small size cows are native to the North of Portugal (Minho) and Galicia (Spain)



    Target: Pedro_scaled
    Distance: 1.2836% / 0.01283565
    53.2 - South_European
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    @Pedro Ruben

    ¡Vaya cuernos!

    Recuerda al ancestral Uro.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Gallop View Post
    @Pedro Ruben

    ¡Vaya cuernos!

    Recuerda al ancestral Uro.
    Si, recuerda a los Uros, son razas muy antiguas y arcaicas. Pero hay una raza que tiene los cuenos aun más grandes... La vaca Barrosã, es muy similar a la Cachena aun que más grande. En Portugal tiene casi la misma distribución regional que la Cachena



    Target: Pedro_scaled
    Distance: 1.2836% / 0.01283565
    53.2 - South_European
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    8.4 - Ashkenazi_Jews
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    0.8 - Indigenous_Eastern_South_America

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