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Thread: NEW three papers with ancient Levant genomes

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    Default NEW three papers with ancient Levant genomes

    Genomic History of Neolithic to Bronze Age Anatolia,Northern Levant, and Southern Caucasus
    https://www.cell.com/cell/fulltext/S...674(20)30509-2




    Here, we report genome-wide data analyses from 110 ancient Near Eastern individuals spanning the Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age, a period characterized by intense interregional interactions for the Near East. We find that 6 th millennium BCE populations of North/Central Anatolia and the Southern Caucasus shared mixed ancestry on a genetic cline that formed during the Neolithic between Western Anatolia and regions in todays Southern Caucasus/Zagros. During the Late Chalcolithic and/or the Early Bronze Age, more than half of the Northern Levantine gene pool was replaced, while in the rest of Anatolia and the Southern Caucasus, we document genetic continuity with only transient gene flow. Additionally, we reveal a genetically distinct individual within the Late Bronze Age Northern Levant. Overall, our study uncovers multiple scales of population dynamics through time, from extensive admixture during the Neolithic period to long-distance mobility within the globalized societies of the Late Bronze Age.








    The Genomic History of the BronzeAge Southern Levant


    https://reich.hms.harvard.edu/sites/...onze_Age_0.pdf


    We report genome-wide DNA data for 73 individuals from five archaeological sites across the Bronze and IronAges Southern Levant. These individuals, who share the Canaanite material culture, can be modeled as de-scending from two sources: (1) earlier local Neolithic populations and (2) populations related to the ChalcolithicZagrosorthe Bronze Age Caucasus.The non-local contributionincreased over time,as evinced by three outlierswho can be modeled as descendants of recent migrants. We show evidence that different Canaanite groupsgenetically resemble each other more than other populations. We find that Levant-related modern populationstypically have substantial ancestry coming from populations related to the Chalcolithic Zagros and the BronzeAge Southern Levant. These groups also harbor ancestry from sources we cannot fully model with the availabledata, highlighting the critical role of post-Bronze-Age migrations into the region over the past 3,000 years.


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    Quote Originally Posted by Lukasz View Post
    Genomic History of Neolithic to Bronze Age Anatolia,Northern Levant, and Southern Caucasus
    https://www.cell.com/cell/fulltext/S...674(20)30509-2




    Here, we report genome-wide data analyses from 110 ancient Near Eastern individuals spanning the Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age, a period characterized by intense interregional interactions for the Near East. We find that 6 th millennium BCE populations of North/Central Anatolia and the Southern Caucasus shared mixed ancestry on a genetic cline that formed during the Neolithic between Western Anatolia and regions in today’s Southern Caucasus/Zagros. During the Late Chalcolithic and/or the Early Bronze Age, more than half of the Northern Levantine gene pool was replaced, while in the rest of Anatolia and the Southern Caucasus, we document genetic continuity with only transient gene flow. Additionally, we reveal a genetically distinct individual within the Late Bronze Age Northern Levant. Overall, our study uncovers multiple scales of population dynamics through time, from extensive admixture during the Neolithic period to long-distance mobility within the globalized societies of the Late Bronze Age.






    The Genomic History of the BronzeAge Southern Levant


    https://reich.hms.harvard.edu/sites/...onze_Age_0.pdf


    We report genome-wide DNA data for 73 individuals from five archaeological sites across the Bronze and IronAges Southern Levant. These individuals, who share the ‘‘Canaanite’’ material culture, can be modeled as de-scending from two sources: (1) earlier local Neolithic populations and (2) populations related to the ChalcolithicZagrosorthe Bronze Age Caucasus.The non-local contributionincreased over time,as evinced by three outlierswho can be modeled as descendants of recent migrants. We show evidence that different ‘‘Canaanite’’ groupsgenetically resemble each other more than other populations. We find that Levant-related modern populationstypically have substantial ancestry coming from populations related to the Chalcolithic Zagros and the BronzeAge Southern Levant. These groups also harbor ancestry from sources we cannot fully model with the availabledata, highlighting the critical role of post-Bronze-Age migrations into the region over the past 3,000 years.

    Actually 3

    A Genetic History of the Near East from an aDNA Time Course Sampling Eight Points in the Past 4,000 Years

    https://www.cell.com/action/showPdf?...2820%2930155-5
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    Yes, I changed title to three

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    Quote Originally Posted by Ion Basescul View Post
    Actually 3

    A Genetic History of the Near East from an aDNA Time Course Sampling Eight Points in the Past 4,000 Years

    https://www.cell.com/action/showPdf?...2820%2930155-5
    Abstract

    The Iron and Classical Ages in the Near East were marked by population expansions carrying cultural transformations that shaped human history, but the genetic impact of these events on the people who lived through them is little-known. Here, we sequenced the whole genomes of 19 individuals who each lived during one of four time periods between 800 BCE and 200 CE in Beirut on the Eastern Mediterranean coast at the center of the ancient world’s great civilizations. We combined these data with published data to traverse eight archaeological periods and observed any genetic changes as they arose. During the Iron Age (1000 BCE), people with Anatolian and South-East European ancestry admixed with people in the Near East. The region was then conquered by the Persians (539 BCE), who facilitated movement exemplified in Beirut by an ancient family with Egyptian-Lebanese admixed members. But the genetic impactat a population level does not appear until the time of Alexander the Great (beginning 330 BCE), when a fusion of Asian and Near East-erner ancestry can be seen, paralleling the cultural fusion that appears in the archaeological records from this period. The Romans then conquered the region (31 BCE) but had little genetic impact over their 600 years of rule. Finally, during the Ottoman rule (beginning 1516 CE), Caucasus-related ancestry penetrated the Near East. Thus, in the past 4,000 years, three limited admixture events detectably impacted the population, complementing the historical records of this culturally complex region dominated by the elite with genetic insights from the general population.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Leto View Post
    (...)
    I already have them processed. Here are some Dodecad K12b results, pretty interesting:

    Code:
    SFI-11,11.75,0,7.57,0,9.74,0.21,0,0.36,27.43,2.72,39.40,0.83
    SFI-12,2.32,0,6.32,0.57,13.79,1.08,2.80,0,23.19,0,49.92,0
    SFI-15,10.15,0.30,4.16,0.35,12.76,0,0,1.16,26.69,0.23,43.59,0.61
    SFI-20,11.33,0,5.34,0.82,14.77,0,0,2.81,23.96,0,39.98,1.00
    SFI-24,9.03,0.52,5.42,0,14.03,0,0,1.90,26.58,0,42.05,0.47
    SFI-33,10.33,0.09,4.25,0,14.10,1.55,0.06,1.45,22.26,0.02,45.51,0.35
    SFI-34,4.51,0,4.21,0.70,20.04,0.16,0,1.20,25.55,0,43.48,0.16
    SFI-35,9.85,0,2.68,0.67,17.11,0,0,3.74,26.03,0,39.55,0.36
    SFI-36,8.23,0.02,8.03,0.05,13.05,0,0,1.57,23.16,0,45.89,0
    SFI-39,7.17,0,4.33,0,17.33,0.24,0,1.41,23.27,0,45.89,0.37
    SFI-42,10.57,0,3.00,0.63,17.84,0,0.90,0,23.05,0,43.29,0.72
    SFI-43,0.76,0,9.38,1.80,11.12,0,0,7.08,34.39,0,35.46,0
    SFI-44,5.47,0,9.37,1.31,12.37,0,0,5.87,27.96,0,37.65,0
    SFI-45,8.75,0,5.43,0,16.88,1.75,0,1.48,20.90,0,43.79,1.01
    SFI-47,7.94,0,3.45,0,17.31,0,1.17,2.14,24.92,0,43.08,0
    SFI-5,12.09,0,5.84,1.02,14.08,0,0,1.99,20.46,0,44.09,0.43
    SFI-50,5.95,0,2.32,0,18.70,0,0.85,0,24.30,0.17,46.26,1.46
    SFI-55,5.40,0.54,0.11,1.11,13.97,0,0,2.12,28.42,0,47.90,0.42
    SFI-56,6.86,0,4.79,0.21,14.38,0,0.30,0,34.45,0,37.80,1.19
    Distance to: SFI-56
    7.53485899 Palestinian
    9.45953487 Jordanians
    9.97856202 Syrians

    Distance to: SFI-55
    7.26002755 Samaritians
    7.54074267 Druze
    11.71255309 Lebanese

    Distance to: SFI-50
    7.95610457 Druze
    8.90830511 Cypriots
    9.76704664 Nusayri_Turkey

    Distance to: SFI-5
    4.86531602 Nusayri_Turkey
    6.29183598 Lebanese
    7.82965516 Druze

    Distance to: SFI-47
    7.84717784 Nusayri_Turkey
    7.86215619 Lebanese
    8.45853415 Druze

    Distance to: SFI-45
    4.99723924 Nusayri_Turkey
    6.96784759 Lebanese
    8.10261686 Druze

    Distance to: SFI-44
    5.69275856 Palestinian
    6.52317407 Jordanians
    10.53716281 Lebanese

    Distance to: SFI-43
    9.30883451 Palestinian
    10.49742826 Egyptans
    12.45538036 Jordanians

    Distance to: SFI-42
    5.42454606 Nusayri_Turkey
    7.99789972 Lebanese
    8.55010526 Druze

    Distance to: SFI-39
    6.54091737 Druze
    7.84786595 Nusayri_Turkey
    8.87492535 Lebanese

    Distance to: SFI-36
    6.48366409 Druze
    7.49358392 Lebanese
    9.09662025 Nusayri_Turkey

    Distance to: SFI-35
    7.12475965 Syrians
    7.65392056 Lebanese
    7.70795044 Jordanians

    Distance to: SFI-34
    11.04880084 Druze
    11.08735767 Cypriots
    11.17299423 Nusayri_Turkey

    Distance to: SFI-33
    4.94022267 Druze
    5.17354811 Nusayri_Turkey
    5.59452411 Lebanese

    Distance to: SFI-24
    5.77549998 Lebanese
    6.45727497 Jordanians
    7.22420238 Syrians

    Distance to: SFI-20
    5.04102172 Lebanese
    6.73304537 Jordanians
    7.00930810 Nusayri_Turkey

    Distance to: SFI-15
    5.70622467 Lebanese
    7.04520404 Syrians
    7.28980795 Druze

    Distance to: SFI-12
    7.93296918 Druze
    10.24487189 Samaritians
    11.19770066 Cypriots

    Distance to: SFI-11
    6.46659880 Jordanians
    7.52375571 Lebanese
    8.00037499 Syrians

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    So basically central Asian migrations to the near east were already happening at 6000bc

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    This is very big news. It is strong evidence that those ancient tribes of the Zagros and N. Mesopotamia who are thought to have contributed to the modern Kurdish genome, like the Guti, Lullubi, Hurrian/Mitanni may have had Central Asian origins or at least a heavy Central Asian influence. This would explain why the Mitanni already spoke an Indo Iranian language in that period.

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    And I've been attacked for saying modern jews are different...

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    Quote Originally Posted by Nassbean View Post
    And I've been attacked for saying modern jews are different...
    Actually, both Jews and Arabs derive more than half of their ancestry from the ancient Canaanites:
    https://www.theapricity.com/forum/sh...Arabs-and-Jews

    "Pfft, minske dochs!" "Pfft, bitch please!" - Frisian Warrior

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    Quote Originally Posted by Kamal900 View Post
    Actually, both Jews and Arabs derive more than half of their ancestry from the ancient Canaanites:
    https://www.theapricity.com/forum/sh...Arabs-and-Jews

    well look at their distances they are closer to palestinians,lebaneses, druze, etc so modern levantines are more indigenous than ashkenazim/sephardim. Also these samples lack the big european component that jews have...

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